How to Play the Bass Guitar How to Tune a Bass Guitar by Ear
Hi! I am Carl Shepard, professional bass instructorand we have been going over a lot of different things. I want go over tuning the bass, similarto guitar but there are a few differences, the guitar has six strings and on the sixthstring you would be using a different fret to get your open string note but for the bassyou are going to use all over the same fret, the fifth fret and what we do is get our Estring in tune, make sure that is tuned up, now if your A string is out, we will use thefifth fret to gauge that of the E string, so we the get the A in tune there. The fifthfret of A gives you the open D, and then the fifth fret of D gives you the open G. Andthere is also a different technique you can
use to match those up and that is harmonics.So if your note's out of tune and you are able to match that up with your ear, thisis a good way to do it, and it might give you more of an accurate sensibility wherethe note needs to be. And what we do here is we use the fifth fret harmonic on thisstring and then the seventh fret harmonic on the next string, so fifth fret on thisand then seventh fret on the string up from there. So if you want to do E to A you dothe fifth fret of E, seventh fret of A and then so on.
How playing an instrument benefits your brain Anita Collins
Did you know that every timemusicians pick up their instruments, there are fireworks going offall over their brainé On the outside,they may look calm and focused, reading the music and making the preciseand practiced movements required. But inside their brains,there's a party going on. How do we know thisé Well, in the last few decades, neuroscientists have madeenormous breakthroughs
in understanding how our brains workby monitoring them in real time with instruments likefMRI and PET scanners. When people are hooked upto these machines, tasks, such as readingor doing math problems, each have corresponding areas of the brainwhere activity can be observed. But when researchers gotthe participants to listen to music, they saw fireworks. Multiple areas of their brainswere lighting up at once,
as they processed the sound, took it apart to understand elementslike melody and rhythm, and then put it all back togetherinto unified musical experience. And our brains do all this workin the split second between when we first hear the musicand when our foot starts to tap along. But when scientists turnedfrom observing the brains of music listeners to those of musicians, the little backyard fireworksbecame a jubilee.
It turns out that while listeningto music engages the brain in some pretty interesting activities, playing music is the brain's equivalentof a fullbody workout. The neuroscientists sawmultiple areas of the brain light up, simultaneously processingdifferent information in intricate, interrelated,and astonishingly fast sequences. But what is it about making musicthat sets the brain alighté The research is still fairly new,
but neuroscientistshave a pretty good idea. Playing a musical instrument engages practically every areaof the brain at once, especially the visual,auditory, and motor cortices. As with any other workout, disciplined,structured practice in playing music strengthens those brain functions,allowing us to apply that strength to other activities. The most obvious difference betweenlistening to music and playing it
is that the latter requiresfine motor skills, which are controlledin both hemispheres of the brain. It also combines the linguisticand mathematical precision, in which the left hemisphereis more involved, with the novel and creativecontent that the right excels in. For these reasons,playing music has been found to increase the volume and activityin the brain's corpus callosum, the bridge between the two hemispheres,