Ep9 Singing Basics How do Vocal Cords Work
I hope you don't get queazy. I'm going toshow you live tutorial of a singer's vocal cords as she sings. You may want to sit down. Hi,I'm Chuck Gilmore with Power To Sing. Many students feel singing is a great mystery.They don't understand how their voice works; why it works the way it does; and what's involvedwith singing. It all begins with the vocal cords. Specialists look at your vocal cordswith a flexible or a rigid scope. The flexible scope is a small cord with a camera at theend of it. It's inserted through the nose and extended down the throat to see the vocalcords. The rigid scope is like a large pen with a camera at the end. It's used lookinginto the mouth and throat. Both images look
like this. This can be confusing because thevocal cords are horizontal in the throat, like this. They are not vertical, like this.When the scope sees the cords and projects it on a monitor, they look like they're vertical,or up and down. Vocal cords, sometimes called vocal folds, are located in the mid portionof your neck, about halfway down, between the top and bottom of your neck. There aretwo vocal cords and they're connected in the front of your neck and open and close in theback, towards the back of your neck. They're located inside the voice box, or larynx. Thecords sit at the top of your windpipe or trachea. Men can feel the top of their voice box, oftencalled the Adam's apple. Women have the same
thing, but it's smaller and harder to feelwith your finger. Your vocal cords are just behind the Adam's apple. Now women can sometimesfeel their Adam's apple by placing their finger here and gently pushing in on their neck andabout the first lump that you feel is the top of the larynx. About halfway down yourneck you can feel that small bump. That's your Adam's apple, ladies. And your vocalcords are just behind it. I can feel a small 'v' right in the center of the top of my Adam'sapple. That's the cartilage. Now at birth our vocal cords are about the same length,approximately two millimeters. By age 20, women's cords are about 10 mm and men's 16mm in length. The change for men is much greater
and this causes a deepening of the voice andcan make singing during the vocal change much harder. Vocal cords are tissue and are threedimensional. That means they have length, width and depth. Just like other tissue inyour body, there are different layers of tissue. Vocal cords have three primary layers: muscle,ligament and mucosa it's the slick outer layer of the vocal cord. The vocal cords openwhen we breath and come together when we make noise with our voices and are covered up whenwe swallow. A type of lid, called the epiglottis closes over the vocal cords when we swallow.Sometimes fluid gets through and we cough to clear it out. When air passes through ourvocal cords as we speak or sing, they create
a series of sound waves which we can hear.This series of sound waves we call vibration. The vocal cords create the initial vibrations,which is the initial tones we hear that begin the sound we make when speaking and singing.Now watch and listen as these vocal cords create the vibrations that become our voices.(demo) (demo) (demo) (demo) Do you know your vocal typeé I'm not talking about whetheryou're soprano, alto, tenor or bass. Your vocal type helps you understand what yourvocal cords tend to do when you sing. For example, if you are a light chestno chestvocal type, that means your vocal cords are not closing as firmly as needed. With eachvocal type, your vocal cords tend to do specific
things as you sing. Once you know your vocaltype, you can begin eliminating weaknesses in your voice and get the singing voice youwant. Visit PowerToSing and take the Power Test and the quiz. Immediately you'll discoveryour vocal type. Explore the Knowledge Center inside Power To Sing's Website. Learn aboutyour vocal type and the exercises that will help improve your unique voice. I'm ChuckGilmore with Power To Sing. You can sing higher with beauty, confidence and power. I'll seeyou inside the next tutorial. Subtitles by the Amara community.