Ep 33 How to Sing Mix Part 1
How to sing mix, or how to sing with a mixis a very common question. Inside this tutorial, I'll define and demonstrate mix. Warning:normally I try to avoid this, but in this tutorial I get a little 'geeky' about singing.(Vocal geek) Hi, I'm Chuck Gilmore with Power To Sing. How to sing in a mix. Well, whatis a mixé A mix is a mixture or blend of at least two things. When singing, you're ina mix if you have a mixture of chest voice and head voice. Ahahah. If you sing onlywith chest voice, you have no mix. Ahhhh. If you start in chest and sing higher andbreak or flip into falsetto, you have no mix. Ahahah.because you've lost the connectionto your chest voice. If, when singing, you
bring falsetto down into the area of the chestvoice that is supposed to be chest, there is no mix. It's only falsetto. Ahahah. Amix can only exist if the vocal cords remain connected. If your vocal cords break intofalsetto and you do not reconnect, you have no mix. It's only falsetto. Ahahah. Mixis made with connected vocal cords and a blend of chest resonance and head resonance. Now,where is mix in the voiceé There are several schools of thought about when and where you'rein mix. Some define mix as only occurring in the vocal bridges, passaggi. When singingin chest voice, as you sing higher, and while keeping the vocal cords together, the resonancebegins to move higher from your chest into
your head cavities. The resonance splits sothere's a mixture, or a mix of both chest and head resonance. This split occurs in thebridge or passaggi. After getting through the first bridge the singer encounters a secondbridge and then a third bridge. For women, there are even more bridges. With each bridge,there is a blend of overtones from the register below and the register above. Lower overtonesdamping, or dropping out and higher overtones coming in. As a result of this process, manybelieve that mix is only occurring in the actual bridges. Some believe if the vocalcords remain connected while the resonance has split into both chest and head cavitiesthat mix is always present, both in and in
between the bridges. In other words, everythingis mix. At this point in my singing and teaching, I think it's a combination of these two. Pavarottiis reported to have said that singing was like a repeating figure 8. Seth Riggs concluded,and I believe like Seth, that Pavarotti was describing the repeated narrowing into thebridge and the opening into the new register and so on upward. In my opinion, if the vocalcords remain connected, there's always some chest residue, even if it's very slight. Soeven in the highest head voice, if the cords have remained connected, that seems like mixto me, even if it's 100 to 1, it's still a mix. At a certain point, if the cords remainconnected, does it really matter if we say
it's mix or connected super head voiceé Theproblem is, what happens to mix when you sing down below the first bridge into chesté Well,you could definitely bring mix down into the chest register. So, I understand how thatcan be mix, but in most voices, you can only do that so long before the chest voice takesover. How, then, can that be a mixé A third concept that has helpful for me, is 'maintainingthe verticalquot;.(Vocal Geek) This is mentioned in the book, quot;The Voice of the Mind', by E.HerbertCaesari. Imagine a vertical sound beam started by the vocal cords and shootingupward into the mouth. In head voice, this resonating sound beam, if it maintains thevertical direction, will angle slightly backward
and penetrate into the head cavities abovethe mouth. Ahhh. Ahahah. In chest, there is still a vertical sound beam, but it beginsto angle slightly forward and engage the hard palette. In my opinion, to lose the verticalwhile in chest voice, is to grab the vocal cord, squeeze and close the throat and jamthe sound beam down into the throat. Ahahah.Ahhh. The tone can barely escape and has no roundness,no fullness and no appeal. To me, this is not mix. Maintaining the vertical, even ifcompletely in the lower chest voice, creates an upward lift in the tone. The sound beamresonates on the hard palette appropriately. This seems to recruit more than just chestvoice by adding a rounder, fuller tone, as
The Atlantic slave trade What too few textbooks told you Anthony Hazard
Slavery, the treatment of human beings as property,deprived of personal rights, has occurred in many forms throughout the world. But one institution stands out forboth its global scale and its lasting legacy. The Atlantic slave trade, occurring from the late 15thto the mid 19th century and spanning three continents, forcibly brought more than 10 million Africansto the Americas. The impact it would leave affectednot only these slaves
and their descendants, but the economies and historiesof large parts of the world. There had been centuries of contactbetween Europe and Africa via the Mediterranean. But the Atlantic slave trade began in the late 1400s with Portuguese colonies in West Africa, and Spanish settlement of the Americas shortly after. The crops grown in the new colon ies,sugar cane, tobacco, and cotton,
were labor intensive, and there were not enough settlers or indentured servants to cultivate all the new land. American Natives were enslaved, but many died from new diseases, while others effectively resisted. And so to meet the massive demand for labor, the Europeans looked to Africa. African slavery had existed for centuries in various forms.
Some slaves were indentured servants, with a limited term and the chance to buy one's freedom. Others were more like European serfs. In some societies, slaves could be part of a master's family, own land, and even rise to positions of power. But when white captains came offering manufactured goods, weapons, and rum for slaves, African kings and merchants had little reason to hesitate.
They viewed the people they sold not as fellow Africans but criminals, debtors, or prisoners of war from rival tribes. By selling them, kings enriched their own realms, and strengthened them against neighboring enemies. African kingdoms prospered from the slave trade, but meeting the European's massive demandcreated intense competition. Slavery replaced other criminal sentences, and capturing slaves became a motivation for war,
rather than its result. To defend themselves from slave raids, neighboring kingdoms needed European firearms, which they also bought with slaves. The slave trade had become an arms race, altering societies and economies across the continent. As for the slaves themselves,they faced unimaginable brutality. After being marched to slave forts on the coast,
SpeechLanguage Pathology The Importance Of Intervention Cincinnati Childrens
Elizabeth Alexander, Speech Pathologist Welcome to speech language pathology. Today we will talk about speech and language therapy with babies and toddlers. First, let's talk about the differencebetween the word quot;speechquot; and the word quot;language.quot; Speech is the physical production of individual sounds such as quot;P,quot; quot;B,quot; quot;F,quot; and quot;S.quot; We combine speechsounds to form words and sentences. In contrast, language is the meaning ormessage that is conveyed through talking. Narrator
Many babies and toddlers are seen forspeechlanguage therapy at Cincinnati Children's. This is important if thechild is not producing sounds as expected for his or her age. It is also important if the child does not seem to understand words or short sentences, or is not talking as much as expected for his or her age. The goal of this therapy is to help infants and toddlers to develop important early communication skills. These skills help build the foundation for a child's future speech and language development. Mom Do you need some helpé Good for you!
Parents are always active participants in their child's therapy. This is because parents know their child best. It is also important for parents to participate in speechlanguage therapy sessions so that they learn how to help their child at home. Speech Pathologist What's he doingé Child Crying. Speech Pathologist No! He's sleeping. Child Sleeping! Speech Pathologist Good talking! Narrator From birth to age three is considered a critical period for speech language development. This is because babies' and toddlers' brains are growing and changing rapidly during this time. Research shows that early speechlanguage therapy is linked to stronger
speech and language skills in preschool,elementary school, high school, and beyond. It is also linked to later readingabilities. Early speech language therapy is important because it helps children learn important skills during the critical period of language development and helps children to create new brain connections during a time when theirbrains are specifically wired to learn speech and language skills. Ann Kumer, Senior Director If the child is having difficulty learning these skills, if we intervene during that critical period of time, we're gonna make much more progress in a shorter period of time and we're gonna have more success.
Lowita Powell, parent He can communicate. He can actually sit down and have a conversation. And we're truly understanding I want to say 99.9% of what he's saying. Narrator Speech language therapy for babies andtoddlers is designed to be fun. Children develop many importantcommunication skills through play at this age. Activities are set up to followthe child's leadin interests. Thanks for taking the time to learn more aboutspeech language therapy with babies and toddlers. For more information about ourdivision please visit our website.